Dr. Michael Yellow Bird speaks at Portland State University, “Healing through neurodecolonization and mindfulness.” Indigenous scholar and activist, citizen of the Arikara (Sahniish) and Hidatsa Nations in North Dakota, Dr. Yellow Birds activism focuses on: Native American and other Indigenous Peoples cultural and political rights; Indigenous Peoples’ health and wellness, neurodeocolonization and mindfulness; and Colonization and methods of Decolonization. Learn more about his work on his website.

Ethnostress: The Disruption of the Aboriginal Spirit by Bob Antone and Diane Hill. 1992. This article introduces the concept of “Ethnostress,” a useful framework for conceptualizing the psychological trauma indigenous people have endured since colonization.

Indigenous Health Indicators developed by the Salish Tribe.